Join date: Jan 11, 2022

Cretan-Mycenaean Art

Cretan-Mycenaean is the term used to describe the art of two spatially separate centres on the island of Crete and the Peloponnese in the Bronze Age - (3000 BC - 1200 BC). The art of the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC on the island of Crete is also called Minoan after the legendary king Minos. This is why the term Minoan-Mycenaean is also commonly used for this culture.

Around 3000 BC, peoples lived on the islands and coasts of the eastern Mediterranean (Aegean) who influenced each other through extensive maritime trade. Of the various Bronze Age cultures in the Mediterranean, the Cycladic culture and the Cretan-Mycenaean culture are the most significant. Scientifically, there is no agreement as to whether these Aegean cultures should already be counted as part of Greek culture - , since these territories belonged to Greece in later times. For this reason, there are no consistent statements in art history on this subject up to the present time.

The first Cretan states emerged. The island location isolated and protected this culture. Around 1950 BC, Indo-European tribes (Achaeans, Ionians, Aeolians) migrated to "Greece" and mixed with the local population - . These peoples must have been wild and warlike. Huge fortifications and valuable weapon finds bear witness to this. The first centres of power with an administrative apparatus emerged. Around 1600-1200 BC, a number of small kingdoms were formed in the Peloponnese - including Mycenae - after which this culture was named.

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